Read article on the parts of an argument, especially warrants. How do warrants differ from reasons and evidence? When we disagree about an issue, care deeply about an outcome, or try to convince others of the validity of our approach, we often resort to argument. Argument as it is depicted on television and experienced in times of stress or conflict carries with it many negative connotations of anger, high emotion, and even irrationality.
11.2 Persuasive Speaking
Persuasive Speaking | Communication Studies
Persuasive speaking seeks to influence the beliefs, attitudes, values, or behaviors of audience members. In order to persuade, a speaker has to construct arguments that appeal to audience members. Arguments form around three components: claim, evidence, and warrant. The claim is the statement that will be supported by evidence. Your thesis statement is the overarching claim for your speech, but you will make other claims within the speech to support the larger thesis. Evidence , also called grounds, supports the claim. The main points of your persuasive speech and the supporting material you include serve as evidence.
3.3.4: Warrant – How Do Your Reasons Support Your Claim? Five Essential Parts of an Argument
In the Toulmin model of argument , a warrant is a general rule indicating the relevance of a claim. A warrant may be explicit or implicit, but in either case, says David Hitchcock, a warrant is not the same as a premise. Hitchcock goes on to describe a warrant as "an inference -licensing rule": "The claim is not presented as following from the warrant; rather it is presented as following from the grounds in accordance with the warrant".
After you have constructed a thesis statement , you will need to present evidence in support of that thesis. In fact, while your thesis is the heart of your paper, most of your essay will be devoted to supporting that thesis with evidence. Supporting evidence for an argument generally involves four elements.