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What is the functionalist theory of social stratification?
Theoretical Perspectives on Stratification | Introduction to Sociology
Below are the seven propositions that make up the structural-functional theory of social stratification Davis and Moore as summarized by Melvin M. Certain positions in any society are more functionally important than others and require special skills for their performance. Only a limited number of individuals in any society have the talents which can be trained into the skills appropriate to these positions i. The conversion of talents into skills involves a training period during which sacrifices of one kind or another are made by those undergoing the training. In order to induce the talented persons to undergo these sacrifices and acquire the training, their future positions must carry an inducement value in the form of differential, i. These scarce and desired goods consist of rights and perquisites attached to, or built into, the positions and can be classified into those things which contribute to A sustenance and comfort; B humor and diversion; Q self-respect and ego expansion. This differential access to the basic rewards of the society has as a consequence the differentiation of the prestige and esteem which various strata acquire.
8.19: Reading: Theoretical Perspectives on Social Stratification
According to the Marxist theory, Karl Marx believed that the proletariat, known as the working class will eventually notice the oppression exerted upon them, as there will be a gap evident within the economic structure and a revolution will be born. Jones, the bourgeoisie. The animals have been awakened, as they have a strong desire to become rich and free, producing for themselves rather than for others. Orwell displays this economic system in the novella as communism where social class is abolished.
According to functionalism, different aspects of society exist because they serve a needed purpose. What is the function of social stratification? In , sociologists Kingsley Davis and Wilbert Moore published the Davis-Moore thesis , which argued that the greater the functional importance of a social role, the greater must be the reward. The theory posits that social stratification represents the inherently unequal value of different work. Certain tasks in society are more valuable than others.